The King Salmon also known as the Chinook, begins it's run by the end of May or early June. The largest of the salmon species, it reaches sexual maturity after 5 to 7 years of traveling the oceans, then returns to the Alaskan river of it's birth to spawn and eventually die. The largest King Salmon caught on record, weighed in at 124 lb.. The Males compete for spawning cavities that they create in the gravel with their mighty tails. They then swim around the female that had laid her eggs into the cavity and fertilizes them. The eggs, living in water rich nutrients and oxygen, develop into smolts within 3 months.
The Red Salmon or Sockeye arrives after the King Salmon in late June. They reach up to 30 inches long and weigh up to 12 albs. During their first days in fresh water they are a beautiful silvery color, then shortly before spawning they change color in a spectacular way. The body becomes shiny red and the head turns brilliant green, the mail develops a large hooked spawning nose and giant teeth.
The silver salmon, also called Coho, arrives mid July. He can weigh as much as 16 lb. and is a tenacious fighter. This species of salmon ascends to the Alaskan river to spawn in their forth year after being out to sea. Experts extract the coveted "Coho-Oil" which is the lightest unsaturated oil and believer to heal vascular diseases. Native Alaskans that have enjoyed the Coho as a primary source of nourishment statistically have reduced heart and vascular problems.